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The schooner was designed by George Steers and built in William Brown’s shipyard in 1851. It is still the most important and famous name in the history of the world of yachting.
The Yacht America, under Dick Brown’s command(pictured below – pilot from New York) set out for England in June 1851 to compete for the Royal Yacht Squadron’s £100 Cup on 22 August – a 53-mile race around the Isle of Wight – against fifteen English schooners and cutters.
She won by 7.5 miles over the second-place finisher. America carried off an overwhelming victory over the English squadron. America had a long history and was pulled down in 1946. Only the carved eagle which it had on poop survives at the New York Yacht Club. The 100 guineas cup became Amercia’s Cup and still gives its name to the most important regatta in the world.
Australia II, designed by Ben Lexcen, featured an innovative winged keel which helped to make it very rapid and navigable in many conditions.
The Australia II, skippered by John Bertrand (pictured below), faced Dennis Conner sailing the 12-metre Liberty in the ocean off Newport, Rhode Island. Australia II came from behind to prevail 4 races to 3. The victory on September 26, 1983 was a landmark event for the nation of Australia, not to mention the Royal Perth Yacht Club, and it eventually earned Australia II the ABC’s Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year for 1983.
Bluenose was launched at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia on March 26, 1921, as both a working cod-fishing schooner and a racing ship. This was in response to a Nova Scotian ship’s defeat in a race for working schooners established by the Halifax Herald newspaper in 1920.
After a season fishing on the Grand Banks, Bluenose, under the command of Angus Walters (pictured below), defeated the ship Elsie from Gloucester, Massachusetts, returning the trophy to Nova Scotia. During the next 17 years of racing no challenger, American or Canadian, could wrestle the trophy from her.
Duyfken (Little Dove), a dutch vessel was launched in 1595. She was quite small – around 60 tons, lightly armed ship mainly for the transportation of valuable goods / provisions and transmission of messages.
In 1596, during their first expedition to Java, the crew combatted Portuguese ships where it put an end to the control of the Portuguese and Spanish in the spice commerce to Europe.
Captain James Cook’s first ship was to be the endeavour, of 366 tons, built as the collier Earl of Pembroke. She was a small, sturdy “bark”, an unpretentious ship which had been employed in both the coastal and the Scandinavian trade in which Cook would have felt thoroughly at home. Just 97.7 feet (29 metres) on the lower deck, her beam was 29.1 feet (9metres). Refitted for the expedition, her hull as doubled with oak to resist against worm, this oak being heavily studded with wide-headed iron nails.
Cook doubled Cape Horn, crossed the Pacific by way of Tahiti where he carried out his mission of observing the transit of Venus, coasted New Zealand and the Great Barrier Reef of Australia and returned by way of the East Indies and Cape Town. The accuracy of his running surveys has to be o seen to be believed.
HMS Beagle was launched on 11 May 1820 on the River Thames. On the first voyage and survey, the Beagle channel was discovered and named after the ship. After carrying out numerous surveys in South America, she sailed back through New Zealand, Sydney, Hobart Town and finally reached Falmouth, Cornwall, England, on 2 October 1836
HMS Bounty was originally known as collier Bethia, built in 1784. William Bligh (pictured) was appointed Commanding Lieutenant of Bounty on 16 August 1787 at the age of 33. After ten months at sea, Bounty reached Tahiti on 26 October 1788 after spending five months there. Bounty set off with her breadfruit cargo on 4 April 1789.
HMS Bounty, built in 1784 was formerly known as collier Bethia. The vessel was acquired by the Royal Navy on 23 May 1787, and named Bounty also known as HM Armed Vessel Bounty. The ship was quite small at 215 tons, but had three masts. Refitted for a breadfruit expedition, she was equipped with four cannons and ten spin guns. The members of the mission were composed of 43 men, 2 civilian botanists and the commanding lieutenant William Bligh…..
Captain James Cook first ship was to be the HMS Endeavour, of 366 tons, built as the collier Earl of Pembroke. She was a small, sturdy “bark”, an unpretentious ship which had been employed in both the coastal and the Scandinavian. HMS Endeavour became the first ship to reach the East coast of Australia, when Cook went ashore at what is now known as Botany Bay. HMS Endeavour then sailed north along the Australian coast.
HMS Investigator was sent for an expedition to map the Australian coastline, as well as to study the plant and animal life on the new colony under the command of Matthew Flinders who set sail from Spithead for Australia on 18 July 1801, calling at the Cape of Good Hope before passing through the Indian Ocean and spotting Cape Leeuwin off South West Australia on 6 December 1801. HMS Investigator held close to the east coast, crossed through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait.
HMS Sirius was originally known as Berwick and was launched in 1780. She was also the flagship of the First Fleet, which departed from Portsmouth, England, in 1787 under the command of Captain John Hunter (pictured). Captain Arthur Phillip who was part of the voyage would be the first European governor of the new colony in New South Wales, Australia.
HMS Sovereign of the Seas was built in 1635 and launched on 13 October 1637. She was requested by Charles I of England, who desired a huge Great Ship and She was decorated from stern to bow with gilded carvings and armed with 102 bronze cannon. She was thereby at the time the most powerfully armed ship in the world, however, the main aim was to boost the reputation of the English crown and to be recognised as the ‘lords of the seas.